Risk Factors for Vein Disease
Varicose, spider veins and other vein problems are very common and can affect anyone. Although there is not one specific cause of varicose veins, there are various risk factors that increase your likelihood of developing these vascular conditions.
People with a family history of varicose and spider veins are significantly more prone to these conditions. About half of all people who have varicose veins have a family member who has them as well.
Women are at greater risk of developing vein disease due to hormonal changes that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. Birth control, containing estrogen and progesterone also increase vein disease risk.
People who sit or stand for a prolonged period of time due to their daily activities are more susceptible to varicose veins. Lack of movement forces your veins to work harder to pump blood back to the heart.
During pregnancy there is more blood in the body, causing veins to enlarge. The hormones released in a woman’s body during pregnancy can weaken vein walls, which can lead to valve dysfunction and blood pooling.
Any trauma to the leg, due to a recent surgery or an injury, could cause your valves to malfunction. There are other factors of a person’s lifestyle or biology that may contribute to the development of varicose and spider veins.
- Incompetent perforating veins
- Arteriovenous communication
- Vein wall weakness
- Vein wall metabolic syndrome
- Post thrombotic syndrome
- Superficial thrombophlebitis
- Deep vein thrombosis
- May-Thurner Syndrome
Common Forms of Vein Disease
Varicose veins are swollen, dark blue or purple blood vessels. They often look like twisted cords, and usually appear on the calves, inside of the legs, and ankles. Symptoms of varicose veins include painful, heavy, tired legs that swell, cramp, throb and feel restless or seem to ‘burn’. The routines to cover up embarrassing veins are a daily struggle. And what they are telling you could be more than ‘skin deep’.
Spider veins, or telangiectasias, are small, thin, blood vessels visible beneath the skin. They appear most commonly on the face, thighs, and feet, and may look like a series of lines, tree branches, or a spider web shape with a dark center. Usually considered cosmetic, spider veins can show symptoms of a burning sensation or a dull, throbbing pain, and can lead to varicose veins and more serious complications.
Varicose veins and reticular veins are progressive diseases. Spider veins very often occur in conjunction with varicose veins. You can experience pain when simply standing or walking, develop sores on or near a varicose vein and your feet and ankles may swell. Left untreated, vein disease can lead to bloodclots, skin discoloration, phlebitis, venous statis ulcers, lipodermatosclerosis, atrophie blanche.